Series 75, 76 and 77
The Landcruiser 75
series replaced the aging
45 series long wheelbase
models in 1984.  While a
more modern design, it
retained and improved
every off road quality of
the prior 40 series.   As
a result it has become
one of the best off road
vehicles ever produced.
The 70-series of today contains, according to Mr. Osamu Shinodu, chief engineer of the LC70 Product Planning
Division, "all of the threads of history."

The biggest change was made in the transition from the 40-series to the 70-series. The market still demanded
heavy-duty vehicles, but RV-type users were increasing and both had to be satisfied. While some people in Japan
thought that the Land Cruiser was still too heavy and overbuilt in terms of quality, people in Arab countries
complained that the Land Cruiser was becoming too soft. It was thanks to these competing needs, however, that
the Land Cruiser was able to diversify in the directions it has today.

There were limits to what could be done to modernise the old design of the 40-series. The chief engineer at the
time, Mr. Masaomi Yoshii, therefore introduced a complete overhaul in the design. In November of 1984, a new
70-series was born, bringing to a close a 29-year era during which the 40-series (and the 20-series) remained
unchanged.  Although it should be noted that the 40 series did continue in production for the limited market of
Brazil, through 2001.

The first requirement for the new series was that the new Land Cruiser should not sacrifice any of its toughness,
so a strong ladder frame was outfitted with rigid leaf springs. The body plates were thickened by 1mm for added
strength. While leaving something of the image of the 40-series, such as externally added fenders, it was also
given modern features such as curved glass. As before, there were three body types available, the short 70 (soft
top and van). the middle wheelbase 73 (FRP top) and the long wheelbase 75.
Technical Specs and Pictures
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Interior and Dash Pictures
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Pictures of the Troop Carrier (Troopie) and Wagon
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Pictures of the pick-up and cab-chassis models
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This pictures is German Landcruiser 75 tow truck.  
A very interesting Landcruiser variation.

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Military Landcruiser series 75s (mid-wheelbase models)
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Landcruisers are even used as military vehicles around the world.  Landcruisers are tough, very off road
capable, and compared to brand new military vehicles, such as Humvees, they are cheap and plentiful.   
Military cruisers are most commonly found in the Middle East and South America.
More military Landcruiser models can be found on my Military Land Cruiser pages.
Ex-USMC Airfield Crash Truck, 1990 Land Cruiser 75
Pictures courtisy of Dave Stedman
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Dave Stedman was kind enough to send me these pictures.  He currenly lives in Japan, but he purchased
this 1990 Land Cruiser 75 from the U.S. Marine Corp.  It was original donated to the U.S. military by
Japan for the Gulf War and spent some time in the Middle East.  It was later transfered to the Iwakuni
Marine Corps Station in Japan and used as a crash/fire truck before being surplussed.
Dave then swapped out the non-locker axles for a set of cable locking units and repainted it.   It has 3F
petrol engine engine and H55F transmission.  The front end has a PTO winch driven by a PTO box off of
a BJ44 Land Cruiser.
This is how it looks now with the new Canadian paint job and custom rear flatbed.   It's currently
undergoing even more mods, including adding a rear winch and an extra fuel tank from an HJ73 Land
Pictures of highly modified Landcuiser 75s
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Long wheelbase 1984-1998
An LC77 from Japan.
The 75 through 77 series is the original long wheelbase version of the 70 series Landcruiser.  Built from 1984
through 1998 and destined for most markets, it was the most popular models.  In 1999, the 78 and 79 series
replaced it, but the overall design was retained.   Most 75 through 77 series models used leaf springs at all four
corners, but there were a few light duty models produced which used Hilux axles, Hilux engines and coil springs
at all four corners.  These light duty Landcruisers were common in the shorter wheelbases, but are fairly rare in
this longer wheelbase form.  

Most Landcruiser 75s were produced in either a cab chassis pick up model or in a 2 door troop carrier.   These
two body styles remain today as the exclusive models of the 78/79 series Landcruisers.   Used primarily by
commercial and government agencies, they have seen some extremely heavy duty use in some very remote
areas.   Proving the worth of Toyota durability.
A 70 series shorty frame.

This is actually a Landcruiser 70
shorty frame, but the long
wheelbase suspension layout is
very similier, but with an extended
Troopie (wagon) seating options
Pick-up seating options