Note to Readers:
This and my other Foreign and Military Toyota 4x4 pages are currently undergoing a much needed update and
renovation.  When complete, I plan to research and locate more information to add to these pages.  If you'd like to
contribute photos of your own or additional information or corrections, please
EMAIL me anytime.  Thank you.
Latest Update:  April 26, 2005
All images and specs are of the foreign model Landcruiser series 100 models and not of the U.S. spec model.  
Forinformation on the U.S. spec model, please visit
Toyota USA's website.
The latest Landcruiser
offering from Toyota.  
This model is actually
available in North
America, but there are
differences.  Foreign
models have standard
lockers and a diesel engine
as an option.  Also, some
foreign LC100 models
actually have a solid front
axle, while others and all
U.S. models have IFS.
Note:  The following text is largely from Toyota, during it's 50th anniversary of the Land Cruiser, with several modifications, corrections and additions from myself.
The Land Cruiser 100 represents the culmination of 50 years of building 4x4s.   Today, the Land Cruiser has evolved
from a serious Jeep type 4x4 into the ultimate luxury all wheel drive sport utility vehicle.   While it is considered by
most as far more of an upscale luxury sport utility, than the down in the dirt rough and ready 4x4 that is it's roots,
Toyota still managed to maintain it's incredible off road durability, while making this model the most highway
friendly Land Cruiser yet.

In January of 1998, the Land Cruiser 100 series was born to most of the world.   (A few countries, most notably in South
America, would retain old 80 series.)   By this time, the Land Cruiser had earned a strong reputation worldwide for its
high performance on difficult terrain as well as for its maneuverability and durability, but the evolution from bare bones
hardcore off road utility vehicle to all wheel drive luxury was well underway.

With the development of the Land Cruiser 100, Toyota created a prestige 4WD with significantly improved on-road
performance, while sacrificing a bit of its traditional off-road abilities. With double wishbone IFS front suspension and
rack and pinion steering, the Land Cruiser 100 was designed to feel more like a passenger car than its heavy-duty
predecessors.  To further improve comfort and steering stability, hydraulic vehicle height adjustment and dynamic
suspension control were added as options, aiming at improved performance on paved roads.  The interior was luxurious,
with air-conditioning and high-end audio, and an optional DVD navigation system and full leather interior standard in
many models.

In December of 1998, the Japanese market Cygnus was released for export to the US.   Styled just like the LX470, this
model was positioned as the luxury class Land Cruiser 100, more prestigious than the LC100 itself.

Though the Land Cruiser 100 continues to evolve into a passenger car, there are still users overseas who drive it
off-road.  To meet these needs, such as in Australia and other rugged environments, Toyota has created a Land
Cruiser 105-series with a solid front axle and coil springs in the suspension.  While officially the 105 series, it's often
referred to as simply the base model 100 series or the 100 series GX.    Toyota essentially placed the new 100 series
body and interior onto an older 80 series frame and suspension.   The differences between the base solid axle 100 and
most expensive luxury version is stark.  The 105 Land Cruiser can be had with manual locking hubs, a manual
transmission and part time transfer case, in addition to the solid front axle and front and rear locking diffs.   

In the luxury IFS version, the transfer lever extending from the center console is about the only thing that tells you this
Land Cruiser  is a 4x4 and not a passenger car.  It has more luxury features than its predecessor 80-series, including
an optional DVD navigation system with EMV (Electro Multi Vision) in the center panel and a top-flight audio system.
The upper grade has an option for genuine leather seats.  The 100-series does not have over fenders, but the wide body
means more space on the inside as well.

Even though a solid axle can still be had, this model, makes it clear that this flagship Land Cruiser has reached the end
of it's serious off road roots.  With IFS and lower ground clearance, this generation just cannot compete with the older
generation Land cruisers when it comes to serious off road ability.  However, Toyota does retain 4 wheel drive and low
range as well as an optional rear locker.  (The front locker of the prior 80 series, appears to no longer be available on
IFS models.)   And the extreme durability that Toyota Land Cruiser owners expect, is still present in this latest model.

However, if one considers that the Land Cruiser 100 is the flag ship of all Toyotas, the absolute top of the line and must
represent the ultimate in luxury, performance and status, then it is understandable that Toyota chose the design path
they did.  And in doing so, they still retained as much off road ability as was practice.  

After all, Toyota still has the long running Land Cruiser 70 series to fall back on as the true off road successor and
continuer of the tradition first set about by the original Land Cruiser.   Today the Land 100 and 70 series represents
the best of all worlds.  The ultimate in luxury and prestige and the ultimate in off road utility.
Australian Landcruiser 100 specification sheet
Click on image for larger and readable view
Landcruiser 100 Technical views
Click on images for larger view
IFS models shown here, but a solid front axle model is available in some markets
Landcruiser 100 Interior and Dash
Click on images for larger view
GX Instrument cluster
VX Instrument cluster
To the left

The interior of a solid front
axle base model Landcruiser
100 (105).  Note the 5 speed
Landcruiser 100 Reviews and online brochures
Review are posted onto Brian894X4 for easier viewing.
Solid Front Axle Land Cruiser 105
Sometimes referred to as the 105 series, GX, GXL or standard model.
Click on images for larger view
When Toyota introduced the new Land Cruiser 100 in 1998, it debuted with IFS.  This was not the first time IFS was
installed on a Land Cruiser.  The series 90 also debuted with IFS in 1997, but the series 90 was more of a mini-Land
Cruiser and suited roughly the same market as the 4Runner and other mid-sized SUVs.   The full sized Land Cruiser
80, which the new 100 series replaced, was just as much a serious off road vehicle as it was a full sized luxery SUV.   
When Toyota added IFS to it's new flagship, it knew that it had to appease some hardcore and commercial customers
who would still opt for a solid front axle.   Toyota also knew that it needed to develop a lower cost alternative to the
very expensive luxury SUV that would make up for most of it's sales.   To address both issues, Toyota introduced a
lower cost base model Land Cruiser 100.  Sometimes called the Land Cruiser 105, or GX, GXL or just plain standard
model.   This version of the 100 series used a solid front axle and the 4.2 diesel engine or 4.5 petrol engine and was
available with a 5 speed manual transmission.   The front axle is the same axle (including 5 lugs and manual hubs) found
in the 1999 and later Land Cruiser 78 series.   The engine and transmission also from the 78 series.   These lower cost
models are available all over the world, but not in the United States and Canada.  In North America, only the higher
end IFS models are sold, with a petrol V-8 engine and automatic transmisson being standard with no other options.
These views are from Toyota Australia's website
Other Toyota website views of the LC100 and LC105 from around the world
Various LC100s in action all over the world from different overseas websites.
LC 100 Camper conversion by innovation campers, a German company & other camper converted LC100s
Believe it or not, in places like Australia, some Landcruiser 100s are actually converted in to pick-up trucks.   This trend started
with the Landcruiser 60 series and continued with the 80 series.   There are several companies in Oz alone that perform this
Now here's a way you probably never pictured your local soccer mom SUV.  As a combat vehicle.  But that's exactly what these
pictured LC100s are.  Probably somewhere in the middle east.  Details are a bit sketchy on which country they belong too.  
Notice that even though a solid axle LC100 is available, some of these are actually IFS models.  The same IFS models that are
even available in the US, although probably stripped down.
Land Cruiser 100s were also used as Police cars in some countries. This example is from Germany.
Copyright © 2003-2005 Brian McCamish,  All Rights Reserved - Only content that is specifically owned by me
is copyright to me.  Most of the content in this section and related pages are owned by others and are therefore copyright to the original owners.

Note about the photos on this site:
Every effort has been made not to include other's photos without the proper permission and credits, however, if you see any photos which belong to you
and that I don't have permission to use, I apologize.   If you send me an
Email, I will remove the photos immediately or give proper credit, which ever
you wish.